Baltika Pullets cage-free management system

Baltika cage-free management system

The process of cage-free rearing flock farming under industrial conditions and scales requires a highly specific approach towards selection of the farming equipment.

ТЕХНА has designed its unique Baltika poultry farming equipment line, including Baltika Pullets model – cage-free solution for laying hen replacement chick rearing.

Baltika Pullets cage-free system has been designed in compliance with all applicable EU and US requirements.

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The key advantage of Pullets cage-free solution is the ability to recreate the poultry living environment close to natural.


  • Facility automation: litter removal, egg-collection, feeding, drinking, lighting and microclimate systems.
  • Minimizing the human factor influence on production.
  • Equipment made from high-quality galvanized steel.
  • Prolonged service life of the equipment.
  • Individual approach to each project and each customer.


  • High quality of the equipment
  • Full or supervised on-site equipment installation
  • Equipment commissioning
  • Warranty and post-warranty service
  • Veterinary and technological support
  • Service maintenance
  • Equipment troubleshooting
  • Poultry farm personnel training
  • Development of customized design and process solution based on the customer’s request


  • Scope of equipment to meet your needs and requirements, depending on the production technology, farm building characteristics or area of construction site allocated for poultry house project, climatic conditions and production capacities.
  • Amount of investments required for the project.


Number of tiers




2400 mm

94.5 in


805 mm

31.7 in

Distance between tiers

654 mm

25.7 in

Feeding front

2400 mm

94.5 in

Height inside the compartment

508 mm

20.0 in


1.93 sq.m

20.8 sq.ft

Litter Removal System

Baltika Pullets solution utilizes the belt-based litter removal system, which ensures high-quality litter removal and maintenance of the equipment in clean condition, thus contributing to the microclimate conditions improvement  in the poultry house.

This system offers quick and reliable litter removal across all levels of the facility, except for the first level, under which the dedicated floor litter removal scrapers are running.

Dedicated system design allows timely and easy removal of litter, which helps to avoid accumulation of ammonia vapors and has a favorable effect on the poultry unit microclimate.

The litter removal system consists of:

  • Drive and tension station
  • Polypropylene belt
  • Transverse and inclined conveyor

Polypropylene belts are manufactured at TEXHA’s own factory from high-quality raw materials.

Litter removal belt characteristics:

  • Resistant to aggressive environment
  • Thickness 1-1,2 mm
  • High tensile strength
  • May be used in conveyors operated in the temperature range between 100 to 600С
  • May be used for handling aggressive materials
  • Low surface adhesion
  • Easy cleaning

The polypropylene belt is located below every level of cells along the battery. When the litter is gradually accumulated, it is carried by the belt along the battery towards the drive station, where the dedicated scrappers move it to the transverse litter unloading conveyor.

The belt is operated by the drive station, which is also used to adjust its position, where necessary. The tension station serves to maintain the required belt tensioning level. The tension station design uses the auger-type cleaning shaft, which ensures cleansing of the litter removal belt on the inside.

In the drive station area, the belt surface is cleaned by the dedicated scrappers made of the wear-resistant material. Special mechanism presses the scrapers against the work surface of the belt, which allows efficient cleansing of the belt from litter.

A curtain made from dense wear-resistant material at the end of the battery prevents the litter from scattering during discharge to the transverse conveyor. The curtain is easily removable during maintenance of drive shafts and cleaning of scrappers.

The transverse conveyor is equipped with the rubber-textile belt for removal of litter from the poultry unit directly to the inclined conveyor, which, in turn, is used for discharge of litter into a vehicle for further disposal. The inclined conveyor also features a dedicated cover made of galvanized steel.


  • Metal materials with high corrosion resistance
  • Hot dip galvanization of conveyor surface
  • Polypropylene belt
    • In-house production
    • Top-tier raw materials
    • High quality
    • Testing at internal laboratory
    • Quality control
Feeding System

Feeding system designed by TEXHA combines state-of-art solutions and technologies in order to successfully ensure one key and indisputable principle – preservation of the feed quality and timely distribution of the required feed portions for every bird.

Use of our feeding systems helps to ensure the following:

  • Highly precise and efficient feed distribution
  • Feed uniformity for each bird
  • Feed loss prevention
  • Reduced labor efforts
  • Reduced energy consumption

As part of the Baltika Pullets equipment model, we offer the chain-based feed distribution system.

Chain-based feed distribution system consists of the following:

  • External storage feed bin
  • Transverse feed loading conveyor
  • Following equipment installed at every level:
  • Agitator hoppers
  • Closed feed distribution circuits
  • Feed conveyor chain drive mechanisms
  • Swivel blocks
  • Feed tray

Transverse feed loading conveyor supplies the feed from the external bin to the agitator hopper. The feed agitator constantly shakes the feed mass in order to prevent sticking and lump formation. The purpose of this process is to ensure even feed distribution throughout the feed gutter of entire cage battery.

System advantages:

  • Efficiency and reliability
  • Easy operation and maintenance
  • Reduced feed loss
  • High feed distribution unit performance
Drinking System

TEXHA company offers reliable, efficient and easy-to-use drinking system. The purpose of this system is quite simple – to supply the birds with water of proper quality and in sufficient quantity. Furthermore, this system also serves for delivery of necessary medications to the birds.

The system consists of the following:

  • Water treatment unit
  • Water distribution system for cage batteries
  • Drinking lines at every level

The water treatment unit consists of filters, water flow meter, medicator, pressure gauges, valves and fittings. Depending on the technical specifications, water pressure regulators also may be incorporated.

The filter ensures purification of water from mechanical impurities. Use of 2 filters connected in-parallel through valves and fittings allows uninterrupted water supply to the drinking system without a need for shut-off during maintenance of one of the filters.

Pressure gauges in water supply system control the system pressure and record precise values of filter performance rating.

Water flow meter allows operational control of the water consumption, which in turn assists in analyzing the flock condition.

In order to maintain optimal water pressure, the membrane-type pressure regulators are used.

Water distribution system for cage batteries is made of pipes manufactured from food-grade plastic.

The nipple drinkers are attached to the plastic square section pipe with the length of 5,98 m. Such design not only reduces the number of connections, but also ensure high-quality assembly and leak-proof connection sealing.

The pipe walls feature special bulges in the nipple screwing-in points in order to ensures reliable nipple attachment. The drinking line height is easily adjustable.


  • Drinking line pipes:
    • Made of top-of-class raw materials
    • In-house manufacturing
    • High-quality assembly
    • Minimum number of connection points
  • Nipples moveable up and down and rotating by 360˚
  • Easy access to water even for one day old chick
Microclimate System

Microclimate in poultry management is no less important than the quality of poultry housing equipment, and its role can be hardly overestimated.

Regardless of the cross breed or genetic inheritance of the flock, without proper microclimate conditions the birds cannot maintain good health and yield high-quality product.

Microclimate inside the poultry house is the combination of such factors as temperature, humidity, air flow rate, atmospheric pressure, noise level, air composition, microbiological contamination level, et cetera.

The microclimate system represents the production process, the purpose of which is to create and balance the necessary microclimate parameters using the dedicated technical facilities and instruments.

The poultry farming researchers suggest that the flock productivity depends on microclimate by approximately 10-30%. Unfavorable microclimatic conditions result in the reduced disease resistance of the birds. Moreover, the microclimate directly affects the service life of the equipment and even the poultry farm buildings.

The efficient operation of the microclimate system depends on the correct choice of equipment, its correct installation and proper calculation of the system parameters in general.

TEXHA excels in the design of automated microclimate systems. When choosing the system, a number of specific conditions should be taken into account, including, but not limited to the cross breed and size of the flock, geographic location of the poultry farm, i.e. climatic zone, et cetera.

The microclimate system may comprise of the one to four sub-systems in various combinations:

  • Ventilation
  • Heating
  • Humidification / cooling
  • Automation


For hot climatic zones, TEXHA offers cooling units with cellular design (evaporation panels). The cooling panels are designed based on the best and the most innovative developments in the industry, which results in the optimal cooling effect regardless of climatic and operational conditions.

The evaporation panels are made of dedicated cellulose paper with cellular structure, which contributes to the optimal water-to-air contact conditions. Such cellulose paper is carefully treated and coated with odor-free resin, thanks to which the panels have high water-adsorption coefficient and stable structural shape. The special cellular form of the paper bands crossing angle-wise to the symmetrical air flow allows achievement of high cooling performance, while maintaining minimum pressure drop.

  • Absolute performance
  • Air freshness
  • Long service life
  • Easy maintenance


Proper temperature regime is essential for productivity of the flock, especially in the early period of life. TEXHA offers highly efficient poultry house heating system with minimum costs. The system uses direct and indirect heating units operated on natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas or diesel fuel, as well as the water-based fan heaters.

Specific features of direct heating units:

  • Reliability and durability
  • Low noise level
  • High output temperature
  • Quick air heating
  • Performance factor close to 100%

The company offers two options of heat generators installation in the poultry unit: internal or external.

The heat generators are equipped with fuses to prevent overheating and the sealed switches for safe and reliable operation. High-quality corrosion-proof components and durable frame ensure long uninterrupted service life even under the most extreme climatic conditions.


  • Minimum carbon oxide, nitrogen and ethylene oxide emissions
  • Frame made of high-quality stainless steel
  • Automated ignition
  • Integration with the automated microclimate control system.
  • Winter / summer switch that supports use of the heaters as air-circulating fans during summer season.
  • Compliance with international standards and quality regulations.


Ventilation system plays an essential role in creation and maintenance of optimum microclimate conditions in the poultry farm unit. Proper air quality has a favorable effect on the health of the birds and significantly improves the flock productivity. The ventilation system is selected and customized for each specific poultry farm depending on the climatic condition in the region, where it is located.

Ventilation systems allow maintenance of required temperature, fresh air inflow and air exchange during any season. Such systems use the state-of-art exhaust fans, fresh air valves, temperature control facilities, et cetera.

TEXHA’s ventilation systems offer:

  • High performance
  • Energy efficiency
  • Low noise level
  • Durability of equipment
  • Reliability and cost effectiveness
Lighting System

Well-managed lighting system in the poultry house affects the general condition of the birds, their food craving and physiological development, which is directly related to the flock’s productive performance. Lighting is an essential way to influence the state of heath, behavior and productivity of the birds.

Our equipment uses state-of-art energy efficient technologies that not only create favorable lighting conditions, but also reduce the electricity costs.

TEXHA company offers a wide range of lighting systems for poultry farms regardless of the utilized poultry housing and rearing methods.


  • Use of LED lamps with energy consumption
    • 10 times lower as compared to the filament lamps
    • 2,5 times lower as compared to the luminescent lamps
  • Lighting intensity adjustment in 0-100% range for sunrise / sunset functions
  • Compliance with the international environmental requirements
  • High level of protection against external impacts
  • Supervised installation is included into the lighting system price
  • Warranty and post-warranty service

LED Lighting System for Poultry House Interior Space

The system consists of a controller, a dimmer and the lamps.

Advantages of P-RLС-1LV-V2  0-10V 230B lighting controller:

  • 99 empty programs available for setting
  • Each program allows setting of the following:
    • Day
    • Time
    • % lighting intensity
    • Switching period in minute until light intensity reaches the set value
  • Lighting intensity may be manually adjusted
  • Ability to switch the lights on / off independently for each individual level

The system is equipped with the digital light regulator – EPU-1500 dimmer. Every experienced poultry farmer is well aware how important role is played by the light flickering prevention and correct lighting intensity setting. EPU-1500 dimmer is specifically designed to control the lighting intensity and allows easy adjustment using either any 0-10V analogue input or communication line.

EPU-1500 is specifically designed for easy, safe installation and convenient maintenance of the equipment. The dimmer may operate both in automatic mode and manual mode, which allows smooth sunrise / sunset switching and offers opportunity for adjustment of poultry house lighting range, as well as lighting intensity lower and upper limits.

Basic characteristics:

  • Dimmer 230В AC with phase cut-off
  • Stable operation in low lighting intensity conditions
  • Brightness control through 0-10V signal or RS 485 (MODBUS-RTU) interface
  • Flexible MIN / MAX settings
  • Digital control of RGB (W) color lamp dimming
  • Automated learning of set values
  • Ability to restore the set values after power outage
  • Alarm reports of LEDs: overheating, overloading, short circuit, low voltage
  • Easy mounting
  • Water-proof sealing for cables.

TEXHA offers 4W and 6W LED lamps for lighting of inter-battery space in the poultry house. These lamps are compatible with various manual, automated and remote-control systems, as well as brightness dimming devices. These models are specifically designed to replace conventional filament and luminescent lamps. The new model offers glow performance of 135 lm/W, which is achieved thanks to the combination of high-quality LEDs and pure aluminum elements. Furthermore, dedicated design allows reliable prevention of lamp overheating.

Automation System

Modern poultry farm businesses usually seek to implement automation of complete range of involved production processes and works. State-of-art technologies support continuous accumulation and processing of data related to all technological and business processes, careful supervision, immediate response and management of production process for entire poultry farm facility regardless of how large-scale it is.

TEXHA offers wide range of equipment and varying degree of automation for all essential systems used to support the vital needs of birds. Vast experience and professional expertise of our expert team help to select the most appropriate solution both in terms of its functionality and its cost.

Our services:

  • Design and development of control system based on input data
  • Installation and commissioning
  • Service support
  • Poultry farm personnel training
  • Warranty and post-warranty service

TEXHA’s system automation solutions:

  • Microclimate
  • Litter removal
  • Poultry harvesting
  • Egg collection
  • Feed distribution
  • Auxiliary features:
    • Feed weighting at external feed bins
    • Emergency opening of positive pressure ventilation
    • Emergency detection of water level
    • Drinking line flushing

What does our automation solution do?

  • Eliminates human factor influence
  • Enhances equipment performance
  • Improves finished product quality
  • Saves resources
  • Creates favorable conditions for poultry rearing and management
  • Ensures uninterrupted operational process
  • Provides opportunities for extension of production

TEXHA also offers remote access system that offers remote data monitoring feature, remote control opportunities, tracking and alarm features for production processes analysis and optimization, as well as the safety unit with critical emergency alert.

Integrated solutions offered by TEXHA provide an easy way to achieve the following production objectives:

  • Integration of novel technological solutions;
  • Computerization and modernization of poultry farm facility
  • Implementation of data monitoring system

System features:

  • Remote access with different degree of authorization and access privilege from any place in the work via Web interface using PC, smartphone or tablet.
Baltika cage-free management system - photo 3
Baltika cage-free management system - photo 4


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      Baltika Pullets

      Baltika Pullets